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Maltodextrin 100

  • 100% pure carbohydrate powder
  • Very low DE value of 14 (dextrose equivalent)
  • Neutral taste and good solubility
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CHF 17.50

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Maltodextrin 100

SPONSER Maltodextrin 100 delivers complex carbohydrates with a very low DE value of 14 (dextrose equivalent). Carbohydrates promote the endurance performance capacity. The neutral tasting powder is made out of corn starch. The sugar spectrum of this pure carbohydrate powder (95% of dry substance) consists polysaccharides as well as maltose and dextrose.

Maltodextrin is ideal as energy enrichment of food and beverages, such as muesli, shakes, etc…

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Prepare
Before
During
After
Water
Milk

Application

For additional energy, according to personal needs.

Preparation

To prepare an energy-rich drink use 40-80 g of powder per litre. For a carboloading add 3-4 portions daily according to recommendations to foods or drinks 1-2 days prior to competition. During intensive training phases or camps use in same quantity every 2-3 days. 1 scoop = approx. 12 g.

Item

Fluid requirements

During physical activity

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Sports nutrition for young athletes

Focus on energy and protein needs

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Fluid requirements

Fluid requirements during physical activity
Fluid loss in sports is more relevant than ever during the hot summer season. Besides sufficient energy, fluid replacement during training or competition is considered the most important performance factor. Read in this article what athletes should know about drinking and take advantage of our drinking guideline, which can be applied to many sports.
The body absorbs fluid through food and beverages and loses it again through urine, skin, stool and lungs. Physical activity and sweating significantly increases fluid losses, requiring also increased drinking volumes during and after exercise. The amount of sweat loss, besides from ambient temperature and selected intensity, depends also on other environmental conditions. For example, the choice of clothes and sunscreen play an essential role. If you wear heat-storing clothing, the captured heat will increase body temperature and the cooling effect of sweating is considerably diminished. Sunscreen which are poorly absorbed by the skin, will also hinder the evaporation of perspiration.

Individual variation of ideal drinking volumes
The maximum sweating rates range between 2 to 3 litres per hour at high-intensity loads and in a hot climate. In most sports and under normal conditions, however, the sweat losses are usually around 1 litre per hour or even lower. Numerous studies have shown that sweat losses vary substantially between athletes. For this reason, a generalization of fluid intake is difficult. The individual fluid intake and losses can be determined relatively easily by weighing. Decisive is the body weight before and after the activity. A helpful method to determine the individual drinking volume is provided by the hydration calculator (only available in German on the website of the Swiss Sports Nutrition Society). If this procedure is still too complicated, one should follow the following thumb rule: «Drink 0.4 to 0.8 litres per hour of activity, according to the feeling of thirst!»

Drinking during physical activity
Body fluid loss mainly origins from the blood plasma, which leads to a reduction in blood volume and thus to a drop in blood pressure. A fluid loss of 2% of body weight, which corresponds to approximately to 1.4 kg in a 70 kg athlete, leads in the medium term already to a reduced performance. Beyond a fluid deficit of 5%, performance can no longer be maintained. The consequences are fatigue, apathy, vomiting and cramps, usually leading to exhaustion and failure to maintain any physical activity. As with everything else, the same applies to drinking volumes: «All with measure».

Beware of excessive drinking!
Excessive drinking is just as critical as insufficient intake. Therefore, both amateur and competitive athletes should primarily try to drink after thirst. Usually this routine will fit the individual needs. Excessive fluid intake can not only impair performance, but in extreme cases even become life-threatening if it leads to so-called hyponatremia due to sodium deficiency. Hyponatremia is a state of (too much) diluted blood plasma with a concomitant lack of sodium, as the kidneys cannot excrete water quickly enough. Such incidents became known at well-known running events in the USA. The examination showed that especially slow runners were prone to hyperhydration, who only consumed plain water and while running at a low intensity during marathons. If, on the other hand, electrolyte drinks are consumed, there is only a minimum risk to develop hyponatremia. A disadvantageous side effect of hyperhydration with plain water is that you would have to urinate very frequently.
There are clear risk factors identified with regard to excessive drinking:

• slow running speed and/or low intensity
• lacking experience
• female athletes
• high availability of beverages
• duration > 4 h
• unusually cold or warm climate/weather

Suitable sports drinks
The stomach fulfils the function of a reservoir which controls its emptying into the small intestine. Factors such as nutrient content, food consistency, amount of solids and temperature of fluid or food affect emptying time. For athletes who are exposed to hot temperatures, the energy density of the drink is particularly important. Because with higher energy concentration the gastric emptying time is delayed. As a result, liquid is released in portions into the intestine. If the drink also contains glucose and sodium, the liquid is optimally absorbed from the intestine into the blood. It is recommended to ensure that a drink has a slightly lower osmolarity (slightly less electrolytes and sugar components) than the blood. In addition, the acid content should be relatively low, which supports gastrointestinal tolerance. The following factors play a role in the choice of a suitable sports drink:

Osmolality
Osmotic pressure is determined by the substances contained in a solution, such as sugars and electrolytes. The osmotic pressure of a sports drink should be equal to or lower than the osmotic pressure of the blood. If the osmotic pressure of a drink is higher than that of the blood, the liquid in the intestine would first draw water from the body until equal pressure, i.e. concentration, is reached. This would cause the opposite, at least until equal osmolality is reached, namely dehydration.

Isotonic/Hypotonic
Isotonic drinks contain the same concentration of dissolved substances as blood. Fluid and nutrients thus enter the circulation quickly. Hypotonic drinks, on the other hand, have a slightly lower concentration and are generally better tolerated. Usually they also contain a broader sugar spectrum, which serves a long-lasting energy supply.

Carbohydrates
The type of carbohydrates is also important for rehydration speed. Since small carbohydrate molecules such as maltose, glucose and sucrose increase osmolarity and thus indirectly lead to a temporary reflux of fluid into the intestines from the blood, long-chain carbohydrates such as maltodextrin and starch are preferably used. Furthermore, sotonic/hypotonic beverages containing only glucose or maltose increase blood sugar content very quickly. And last but not least, fructose in a certain ratio helps to further increase energy intake per time unit, since it is absorbed differently and metabolised by the liver.

Sodium
Sodium is important to maintain the body's water balance. It is absorbed together with carbohydrates into the blood, which increases blood osmolality and in turn causes further absorption of water.

Electrolytes and vitamins
Other electrolytes and vitamins are not directly needed for rehydration purposes. However, they are partly added due to subordinate functions.

The ideal drinking routine in various sports
This drinking guideline summarises what is important when it comes to hydration and gives tips for putting together an individual drinking schedule.

Author: Remo Jutzeler
Head R&D SPONSER SPORT FOOD
Ing. Applied Food Sciences FH
MAS Nutrition & Health ETHZ

13. 06. 2019
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Sports nutrition for young athletes

Translated with DeepL.com/Translator:

Sports nutrition for young athletes

According to most people, sports foods are a no-go for children. Probably this attitude is based on the general impression of parents and non-athletes that they have of dietary supplements. These products are mostly perceived as unnatural, chemical and possibly doping substances or other - legal or illegal - pharmacologically active substances. And thus, at best, they are considered useless, but potentially even harmful to children. Sports nutrition is primarily about concentrated food and isolated nutrients as well as convenience and tolerance. It is a concept of (partial, supplementary) nutritional intake in a practical, convenient and well-tolerated form as part of a full daily routine with everyday constraints, in order to be able to carry out one's sporting activities as optimally as possible. In the first place, sports nutrition is not yet about performance-enhancing supplements or even pharmacologically active substances.

Growing children have increased energy and protein requirements
Considering the generally increased energy and protein requirements of growing children, it is obvious that children who engage in sports have an even higher (relative) requirement than adults. In addition, children are also more likely to be affected by nutritional deficiencies for obvious and known reasons: unhealthy food preferences, distraction and disinterest in a suitable diet in general and/or depending on the time of activity, and last but not least, rebellion against parental guidelines. For these reasons it is certainly appropriate to consider a possible supplementation of the diet with sports foods, but primarily in the area of energy and protein supply, not specific performance promotion. In addition, depending on the individual nutritional situation and specific needs (after clarification), micronutrients (e.g. vitamin D or calcium) may make sense.

In principle, basic nutritional recommendations for adult athletes can therefore apply equally to children and adolescents. This means, for example, the use of carbohydrate-electrolyte sports drinks during sporting activity for more than an hour, the intake of carbohydrate-protein shakes shortly after performance, or energy bars and other easily digestible, carbohydrate-containing snacks during the day, especially before energetically demanding workloads. Children are usually less consistently active in their sports, more easily distracted and therefore less focused on general nutritional requirements.

Watch out: Dental Health!
In the case of children and nutrition, however, one should certainly not ignore the topic of dental health. Sugars and acids are known to be bad for the teeth, but are also usually contained in carbohydrate-containing drinks and snacks. The most harmful is constant sipping and all too frequent sipping of carbohydrate- and acidic drinks, especially those containing fruit juice. Countermeasures can be the use of acid-free sports drinks or rinsing the mouth with water and the use of sugar-free chewing gum.

However, the unconditional use of other specific performance-enhancing supplements such as caffeine, creatine, beta-alanine or special nutritional strategies such as soda-loading must clearly be considered inappropriate for children, even though there may be no health risk at the usual recommended dosages. In principle, such supplements and measures are to be regarded as "top-of-the-pyramid", i.e. not suitable for adolescents and even less for children. As long as the technical abilities and physical performance factors are still in development and far from being exhausted, progress in performance will be achieved much more efficiently by promoting them. An uncritical use of supplements, or their potential effect, would be irrelevant.

General sports nutrition recommendations for children and adolescents

1. Drinks
Thirst should always be the driver for drinking. However, you should keep an eye on children and help them to think about drinking. Because they tend to forget drinking in their sporting zeal or simply because of distraction and generally less self-control than adults. The best recommendation is acid-free sports drinks, wherever energy is needed. Otherwise, water or sugar-free effervescent powder/tablets are sufficient, depending on taste acceptance. Pure maltodextrin can also be added to self-brewed tea water as an energy supplement, preferably with a pinch of salt per liter. Our recommendations are: COMPETITION, ELECTROLYTES, MALTODEXTRIN 100.

2. Energy
In addition to sports drinks, many bars also serve as an easily digestible source of energy. They can be easily and conveniently taken anywhere, and consumed before, during and even after performance. Carbohydrate gels can also be used in this way to a certain extent. These should be reserved for intensive competition situations or acute energy shortages. SPONSER® offers various suitable bars: HIGH ENERGY BAR, CEREAL ENERGY PLUS and the sustainably satiating oat bar OAT PACK.

3. Protein
Healthy growth and bone health are central for children and adolescents and require sufficient protein in the diet. Rapid recovery after exercise also depends on protein and energy supply in order to optimally support protein synthesis. As a consequence, special attention should also be paid to the daily protein supply of children. One can follow the rule of thumb of 1.5-2.0 g protein per kg body weight daily. Preferably, one portion should contain 20-30 g of protein and be taken together with approx. 30-50 g of carbohydrates within one hour after demanding sporting activity. A rough guideline is to take 20-30 g protein every 3-5 hours. The content from normal meals can be comfortably supplemented either with pure protein drinks from SPONSER® such as WHEY ISOLATE 94 or combined with carbohydrates such as RECOVERY DRINK, RECOVERY SHAKE, PRO RECOVERY. Ready-to-drink products such as PROTEIN SMOOTHIES or bars like PROTEIN 34/36 are also suitable.

4. Carboloading
Targeted carboloading can be considered before competition situations with a pronounced long-term endurance character, or as a temporary measure in case of acute energy bottlenecks or increased energy requirements (training camps). This can also make sense in phases of growth spurts and with delayed weight development. The use of the CARBOLOADER 2-4 times a day during a defined period can help to cover an increased energy demand more easily than with a normal diet alone.

Hands off caffeine or creatine
Although recent findings have not in themselves raised safety concerns about caffeine in children per se, it seems inappropriate to use caffeine in children for the reasons outlined above. It is also clearly not recommended to use creatine in growing children. The increased strength could lead to muscular imbalances or even injuries if trained intensively, due to non-linear/parallel development of strength, muscles and supporting structures (bones, ligaments, cartilage).

As a final remark, it should be remembered that any nutritional measure is only as good as the actual implementation! It is more important to find and use measures and products that the person concerned is willing to use voluntarily and willingly than to stubbornly stick to fixed nutrient calculations and recommendations. If something is done only reluctantly, the implementation will fail sooner or later. It is important to find foods and sports nutrition that the person concerned likes and enjoys taking, so that they become part of the daily routine and are followed voluntarily. This also includes the selection of alternatives as a change of taste.

Author: Remo Jutzeler
Head R&D SPONSER SPORT FOOD
Ing. Applied Food Sciences UAS
MAS Nutrition & Health ETHZ

20. 09. 2018
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