Carbohydrates are of key importance for moderate to long endurance activities. By consuming sufficient carbohydrates before exercise, the stores in muscle and liver are replenished. More energy is provided which improves overall athletic performance.
Sweating not only results in the loss of fluid but also electrolytes. Sodium, an essential electrolyte, is a key player in carbohydrate metabolism. Excessive sweating due to hot weather or endurance sports may result in dehydration. The controlled supply of salts/electrolytes is thus highly recommended in order to prevent dehydration.
MUSCLE FUNCTION/LACTIC ACID BUILD-UP
Muscle overload and excessive lactic acid build-up in muscles are the main factors limiting performance in high intensity sports. By taking appropriate supplements, muscle function and performance can be maintained.
Maintaining normal blood flow as well as an optimal oxygen supply (or rather use) are essential for maximum endurance and high intensity muscle performance. Improved microcirculation also promotes regeneration.
During low-intensity but long-lasting endurance sports replenishment of the body with foods of high energy density and salt content is essential. Furthermore, athletes often experience reduced palatability of food and drinks (due to increasing exhaustion and also hot weather). To meet this challenge, mildly flavoured and rather salty tasting sports foods were designed. They consist of easily digested fats and oils containing medium chain triglycerides (MCT) of high energy content.
Key to most endurance sports is a maximum fat metabolism (lipid oxidation): The more energy is available from the body’s fat stores, the longer the performance can be maintained by sparing carbohydrate reserves. Fat metabolism can be trained and supported by supplements, such as zinc or choline.
A strong immune system is essential for optimal athletic performance. Anyone suffering from poor health cannot exploit his maximum potential. In order to keep the immune system strong, it is necessary to take measures in advance, e.g., during winter or before crowded events, such as training camps and tournaments.
Some athletes experience nervousness before competitions, others are in an apathetic state of mind. Both can impair concentration and focus. Many sports demand high technical skills and cognitive performance, be it motorsports, ball games, skiing or even shooting sports.